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Famous Czech personalities

Famous Czech Artists

The Czech Republic was home to many well-known artists – especially world

famous composers such as Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák and Leoš Janáček.


Historical Writers and Reformers

Jan Hus(circa 1369/1370 – 1415) was a famous Czech religious thinker, reformer

and preacher of the medieval period.

Jan Amos Komenský (Comenius)(1592 – 1670) was a Czech writer and teacher

whose work and achievements are known worldwide.


Czech Writers

Božena Němcová (1820 – 1862) – a famous 19th century Czech author.

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, (1850 – 1937) – a Czech philosopher, historian and the first president of Czechoslovakia.

Jaroslav Hašek (1883 – 1923) – a writer, publicist and journalist.

Franz Kafka (1883 – 1924) – a Prague-based writer in the German language who was of a Jewish origin and one of the most influential and prized authors of the 20th century.

Karel Čapek (1890 – 1938) – author, journalist, playwright, philosopher and translator.

Bohumil Hrabal (1914 – 1997) – novelist and one of the most influential and unique writers of the late 20th century.

Arnošt Lustig (*1926) – a Czech writer and publicist and the author of a number of works on the Holocaust.

Milan Kundera (*1929) – a Franco-Czech writer, the globally most successful and widely translated author of Czech origin whose novels and essays significantly contributed to the development of the novel.

Václav Havel (1936 - 2012) – an author and playwright, one of the initial members of the Charta 77 dissident movement and a leading figure in the post-November 1989 political changes.

Michal Viewegh (*1962) – author and publicist, currently the best selling Czech novelist.



Karel Hynek Mácha (1810-1836) – poet and a leading figure in the Czech Romantic Movement.

Karel Jaromír Erben (1811-1870) – writer, poet, translator, literary historian

Jan Neruda (1834-1891) – famous Czech poet and journalist.

Vítězslav Nezval (1900-1958) – poet, writer and translator, the leading figure in Czech Surrealism.

Jaroslav Seifert (1901-1986) – Czech poet, writer, journalist and translator, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Karel Kryl (1944-1994) – Czech poet and song writer, one of the leading protagonists in the Czech political protest song movement from 1968–1989.