Czech Repblic in the heart of Europe

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About Czech Republic

Welcome to the Czech Republic - in the heart of Europe!

 

Official name: Czech Republic Origin: 1st January 1993 by the division of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

System of government: parliament republic headed by the president - Miloš Zeman since 2013

Executive power: president, prime minister


Legislative power: two chambers of parliament – Chamber of Deputies, Senate

Form of the government: parliament republic


National flag: Czech Republic has the flag in traditional Slavic colours – white and red (colours derived from the Czech emblem), blue – token of the field of the Moravian emblem


National emblem: a big emblem includes the emblems of historic countries of the Czech Crown – traditional heraldic symbol of a lion /Bohemia/, checkered eagle /Moravia/, Silesian eagle


Area of the state: 78 866 km2

Geographic position: inland state in Central Europe, N: 50° 00´, E: 15° 00´;

Time zone: GMT + 1/GMT + 2 (Central European Time/Central European Summer Time)

Membership in international organisations: EU (as of 1. 5. 2004), UNO, NATO, OECD

 

State borders: 2 290,4 km in total, with Austria 466,1 km, Germany 810,7 km, Poland 761,8 km, Slovakia 251,8 km

Administrative structure : 14 regions (as of 1. 1. 2002)

Number of inhabitants of the state: 10 548 527 (as of 30. 9. 2011)


Capital city: Prague

Regional capitals (according to the number of inhabitants as of 31. 12. 2008): Prague (1 233 211), Brno (370 592), Ostrava (307 767), Plzeň (169 273), Liberec (100 914), Olomouc (100 373), Ústí nad Labem (95 289), České Budějovice (94 936), Hradec Králové (94 497), Pardubice (89 892), Zlín (77 803), Karlovy Vary (51 459), Jihlava (51 143)


Currency: Czech crown (Kč, CZK) = 2 x 50 halers

Coins and banknotes: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kč; banknotes: 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Kč

Official language: Czech, languages of minorities: Slovak, German, Polish

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